Menu   WellSpan Health

Health Library

Health Library


What is otolaryngology?

Anatomy of the ear, nose, and throat

Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that focuses on medical and surgical treatment for patients who have disorders of the:

  • Ear, which may include:

    • Hearing problems

    • Ear infections

    • Balance disorders

    • Tinnitus

    • Some cranial nerve disorders, such as facial paralysis

  • Nose, which may include:

    • Allergies

    • Problems with smelling

    • Appearance of the nose

    • Sinus infections

  • Throat, which may include:

    • Diseases of the larynx (voice box)

    • Upper aero-digestive tract disorders

    • Disorders involving the esophagus

    • Voice disorders

    • Swallowing disorders

  • Related structures of the head and neck, which may include:

    • Nerves that control sight, smell, hearing, and the face

    • Infectious diseases

    • Benign and malignant tumors

    • Trauma to the face

    • Deformities of the face

    • Cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery

    • Sleep disorders

Doctors who specialize in otolaryngology are called otolaryngologists. Sometimes they are referred to as ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialists.

Otolaryngologists may also choose to specialize in any of the following:

  • Pediatric otolaryngology (children's disorders)

  • Otology/neurotology (disorders of hearing, balance, facial nerve, and skull base)

  • Allergy

  • Facial cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery

  • Head and neck diseases

  • Laryngology (throat)

  • Rhinology (nose)

  • Sleep medicine

Otolaryngology - WellSpan Health

Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Online Medical Reviewer: Turley, Ray, BSN, MSN
Last Review Date: 2014-05-27T00:00:00
Last Modified Date: 2014-05-30T00:00:00
Posting Date: 2008-11-30T00:00:00
Published Date: 2014-05-30T00:00:00
Last Review Date: 2007-03-30T00:00:00
© 2015 WellSpan Health. All Rights Reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.

Are you sure you would like to cancel?

All information will be lost.

Yes No ×

About the provider search

This search will provide you with WellSpan Medical Group and Northern Lancaster County (Ephrata) Medical Group primary care physicians and specialists. If we don’t have a WellSpan Medical Group physician to meet your criteria, the search will expand to include community physicians who partner with WellSpan Medical Group physicians through the WellSpan Provider Network or provide care to patients on the Medical Staffs of WellSpan’s Hospitals.


Schedule Your Next Appointment Online with MyWellSpan

Use your MyWellSpan patient portal any time to view available appointments, and pick the date and time that best suits your schedule.

Go to MyWellSpan

New to this practice?

If you don't have a WellSpan primary care provider and would like to schedule a new patient appointment with a provider who is accepting patients, just log into your MyWellSpan account, and go to the Appointment Center section. As you progress through the scheduling process, you will be able to see the offices that are accepting new patients in relation to your zip code. If you are not enrolled in MyWellSpan, go to, call 1-866-638-1842 or speak with a member of the staff at a participating facility to sign up. New patient scheduling not available at all practices/programs.

Already a patient at this practice?

If you already have a relationship with a WellSpan practice, simply log into your account, and go to the Appointment Center section. As you progress through the scheduling process, you will be able to schedule an appointment with any provider or practice that already counts you as a patient. Online scheduling varies by practice/program.