Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is composed of the brain, spinal cord and spinal column, as well as the nerves that travel through all parts of the body (hands, legs, arms, face).
Neurology is a specialty that involves the diagnosis and treatment of diseases or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, autonomic nervous system, and blood vessels that relate to these structures. Common disorders include epilepsy, movement disorders, multiple sclerosis, stroke, neuromuscular disease and headache.
Pediatric neurology is a specialty that involves the specialization in neurology with special skills in diagnosis and treatment of neurologic disorders of the neonatal period, infancy, early childhood and adolescence.
Physiatrists treat various musculoskeletal (muscles and bones) and neurological (nervous system) disorders, including conditions such as arthritis, back pain, work- and sports-related injuries, and brain or spinal cord injuries. Physiatrists provide many medical services, but they do not perform surgery.
Interventional pain management focuses on pinpointing the source of a patient's pain and using direct treatment specifically to that source. If the source responsible for the pain cannot itself be treated, then intervention can target the nerves that mediated the pain in order to block nociception. Interventional pain management requires expensive, specialized facilities, a license to practice invasive procedures and the training to do so.
Stroke, also called brain attack, occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. Stroke is an emergency and should be treated as such. The greatest chance for recovery from stroke occurs when emergency treatment is started immediately. Fortunate for residents of south central Pennsylvania, WellSpan Health is the leader in advanced specialty stroke care. WellSpan York Hospital is the only certified Primary Stroke Center in York and Adams counties with neurovascular intervention capabilities, making it the regional referral source for stroke care.
Ninety percent of single episodes of back pain become recurrent. While certain diseases and traumatic injury can cause back pain, research shows that the most common causes of back pain or injury are: poor physical condition, poor posture, improper body mechanics, and the prolonged repetitive use of incorrect bending or lifting techniques. At WellSpan, preventing and providing relief for back pain and spinal disorders is one of our specialties.